Agamben and Anarchism

Working on the final version on my paper about political action in the era of the permanent state of exception. Finally I found a paper which portrays Agamaben as a contemporary anarchist thinker 🙂

Simone Bignall, On Property and the Philosophy of Poverty: Agamben and Anarchism, in: Daniel McLoughlin (ed.), Agamben and Radical Politics, Edinburgh University Press, 2016/2017, pp. 49-70.

„Agamben makes scant reference to thinkers in the anarchist tradition. However, … in his latest works, he delves increasingly into themes at the heart of anarchist philosophy: the renunciation of property and the practice of poverty as means of living outside of determination by law and state“ 49

„at the point in The Time That Remains where he first explicitly references anarchist theory, Agamben identifies in Max Stirner an ‘ethical-anarchic interpretation of the Pauline as not’“ 49

„anarchism is important to understanding Agemben’s account of the ‘coming politics’“ 49

„Agamben supports a theory of transformation that is critical of the Marxist theory of class-based revolution, and instead approximates and develops anarchist practices of dissolution. I then consider how anarchism provides the only possible solution to the ‘archist’ aporias that reside in the ontopollitical division Agamben identifies between being and practice; between the rule of sovereignty and the economy of government“ 50

„Agamben’s recent ideas bring him closer to the socialist anarchist tradition than to Marx’s governemental communism“ definitely not!

„what is at stake in his work is a rethinking of the paradigm of anarchy in the contemporary light of political ontology“ 51

„The messianic moment of redemption will not happen in a time to come, but always already abides with us here, in the time of the now, in the ability for things as they are to be deactivated and rendered ‘as not’“ 51 f.

„Messianic redemption therefore does not involve the institution of a new order, but rather involves an internal shifting of existing content in a movement which radically transforms the significance of the world as it is presently experienced. Indeed, it is … through a new use of this world that salvation will arrive, via a redeeming praxis with a deactivating consequence in its rendering inoperative of present operations.“ 52

quite close to William Goodwin „It also approximates the theory of insurrection described by the libertarian anarchist thinker Max Stirner (…) For Stirner, revolt or insurrection differs from revolution in that it is not ‘a fight against the established’, culminating in the institution of ‘a new arrangement’, but is ‘only a working forth of me our of the established. If I leave the established, it is dead and passes into decay’ Stirner 1950, 279-280.“ 52

„Marxian philosophy proritises social revolution over private revolt (…) This makes it suspectible to the problem of dogma“ 53

third interpretation, anarchic-nihilistic: „Unlike Stirner, who prioritises private revolt as an efficient cause of transformation – and unlike Marx, who prioritises the action of a revolutionary class in a public event or revolution – this interpretation ‘plays on the absolute indiscernibility between revolt and revolution.’“ 53 f.

„Revolutionary consciousness is something to use, and not to possess.“ 54

„power has an ontology and an economy, a being and a practice. Power is sovereign at the level of ontology; but divided in its managerial economy, or in practical administration. (…) these two aspects of power are never really independent and self-sufficient. They always rely upon each other for their efficacy, and must be combined in a ‘governmental machine’ that encompasses sovereignty as the rule of the law, and government as the practice that puts law into effect: in fact, ‘they are correlated and become fully intelligible only in their functional relation’ Kingdom and the Glory 51.“ 55

„The governmental machine is void at its heart: a power without foundation; an empty throne. This is why, according to Agamben, it relies upon popular approval encouraged by techniques of glorification. The free consent of the people, who acclaim (as self-evident) the power they affirm and uphold, works to found political legitimacy by concealing power’s anarchis basis or centre, making government appear natural and legitimate. (…) Governmental power does not simply oppose anarchy as an external condition of liberty, but rather relied upon anarchy for its being as such and on freedom as its internal condition of legitimacy. This, then, is the complex double operation of consent and exception – glory and violence – that defines the governmental form, and which ultimately produces homo sacer as the paradigmatic subject of sovereign state power.“ 55

concept of eternal life as solution to this dilemma. „’eternal’ here ‘does not have a merely temporal significance but designates a special quality of life’ which … is the quality of live lived ‘as not’. Kingdom and the Glory 247 (…) The eternal ‘life for which we live’ is characterised by its ‘ek-stasis’, its potentiality or its essential freedom. It is life contemplated outside the constraints of the existing properties that define any particulat factical form of life.“ 56

„inoperativity ‘as a properly human and political praxis’ Kingdom and the Glory xiii; and eternal life is ‘the name of this inoperative centre of the human […] that the machine of economy and glory ceaselessly attempts to capture within itself’ Kingdom and the Glory 251.“ 56

„how, in the time of now, will we use the constitutive groundlessness of our legal system – the essential anarchy of social forms?“ 57 either ‘satanically’, glory of power or ‘messianically’, „as a permanent praxis of inoperativity, towards the glorious beatitude of an eternally ‘improper’ life“ 57

„Is it possible to organise social life such that zoe and bios may coincide perfectly according to a human capacity for acting freely iin an ethical manner of ‘mutual aid’, or, if you like, in alignment with the divine providence of a world ordered by love, charity and grace?“ 57

„Agamben’s thinking here [when attempting ‘to think life as that which is never given as property but only as a common use’] is remarkably close to the ideas and arguments pur forward by Proudhon in his work on property and on the philosophy of poverty. This affiliation is important in view of the longstanding antipathy that marked the relationship between Proudhon and Marx, since it offers a way of understanding Agamben’s political thought as departing from the Marxist tradition in significant respects and not simply participating in it.“ 58

Proudhon was … deeply repulsed by the effects of the ‘bourgeois revolution’ of July 1830 and by the hypocrisy he saw in a society ostensibly founded on ideas of liberty, equality, and fraternity, which nonetheless entrenched the economic slavery of the working poort by its concentration, in the ahnds of the ruling rich, of the institution of private property and by its associated profiteering from the alienating extraction of wage labour.“ 58

„there is no doubt that Marx initially regarded Proudhon as a collaborator“ 59

in 1846 he requested „that they might enter frutifully into correspondence“ 59

Proudhon denied and that was the end of their cooperation. In 1847 Marx published The Poverty of Philosophy, „which was a scathing and frequently misrepresentative critique of Proudhon’s 1846 work, the Philosophy of Poverty.“ 59

According to Proudhon „Communism expands the principle of private property to the public realm, and its result ist the total capture of life under the rule of the collective property form.“ 59

„According to Proudhon, anti-capitalist revolution necessarily involves the restoration of sociability by the abolition of property in all its forms, in favour of mobile practices of occupation or use“ 60

goal of Proudhon’s intervention is ‘to bring about the return to society, by an economic combination, of the wealth which was withdrawn from society by another economic combination’ Woodcock, Anarchism p. 101n61

„Transformatioon is propelled by the contradiction inherent to a formation and it proceeds as the perpetual decomposition and recomposition of forms: this is an ongoing collective activity justly guided by the social ideals of equality and harmony“ 61

„According to the natural law perspective we find in Spinoza, all things in nature are available for everyone to use as a matter of necessity, as they strive to preserve their being.“ 62

it is a matter of ‘living according to that form, that is of a life that, in its sequence, makes itself that very form, coincides with it’. Highest Poverty, p. 99

through „the renunciation of ownership … civil law is rendered inoperative“ 63

„the individual life lived messianically in the condition of being ‘as such’ is taken up in a community, which is then characterized by the non-appropriative use of things as a strategfy of living together.“ 63

„Agamben’s achievement, at the level of political thought, is to extend the anarchist critique of law and property to the germinal level of social ontology, characterised as ‘a field of forces run through by two intensities that are opposed and, at the same time, intertwined’ The Highest Poverty xi-xii.“ 63

The „anarchist ‘form-of-life’ is a social praxis in which zoe and bios – life and norm – are rendered indiscernible through conduct that negates powerful forms of proparty and propriety. (…) Truly anomic being, life lived in the ‘real’ state of exception’ experiences the ‘sweetness’ of anarchic liberty. However, Agamben’s anarchism is … a strategy of expropriation and impropriety that is at once individual and collective, and renders the governmentality of law ineffectual or inoperative.“ 64

„Agamben’s reinterpration of anarchist principles insulates them from attacks directed by Marx against Stirner and Produhon, restoring to anarchism its potential for use in the present, in the contemporary ‘time of the now’. (…) Agamben starts … with that basic anarchic potentiality which Benjamin refers to as the ‘real state of exception’.“ 64

„Our redemption in this case lies precisely in a ‘new use’ we may make of the constitutive groundlessness of our political systems, such that political action no longer works to conceal and constrain this indetermination, but instead acknowledges it as the source of a constructive common politics of permanent renewal and reform.“ 64 f.

Paul Thomas, Karl Marx and the Anarchists, Routledge 1980.

Pierre Macherey, Hegel or Spinoza, 2011.

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Robert Rich interview

One of my favourite contemporary artists, Robert Rich:
MB: Already as a young person, you had the idea of creating an equivalent to shamanism, that would make sense in our modern society, by the means of sound, or music. Did your interest in shamanism precede, or rather grow along with, your interest in music? Was there any special impulse that triggered, or any influence that nourished your interest in matters like spirituality, or psychology? Or did it evolve over time? Did you, at any point in your life, follow any special spiritual path?
RR: All of these interests grew together since the beginning. I would journey in my mind, using sound as a key to unlock imagination. Also I was very drawn to the earth — to the power of nature to give us a sense of place. I was always seeking meaning in my actions, trying to fix something unknown about the world that felt broken. I did have – perhaps typical? – adolescent crises of spirit, asking myself how I best could make myself useful. I realized that I had a skill in journeying in the mind, but how to use that? Art seemed like the best way. I saw the way a rock concert could bring people together, but in a more Dionysian way. I was more introverted, more attracted to quiet stimuli. So I looked at ethnomusicology writings, and sacred music from all traditions, trying to understand how it worked, how it transformed people. The question became: How to create a shamanic journey without the trappings of appropriated cultural languages, but rather with our own relevant language? How to create a 21st century shamanism that allowed room for a more scientific critical mind, rather than trying to obscure things in magical language? I saw Psychology as a middle path, which could help us to understand the power of the mind without resorting to obscurantism. Especially the questions in State Psychology, such as the work of Charles Tart, and the work I got involved in with Stephen La Berge, studying Lucid Dreaming. I was already doing sleep concerts by then – all these questions grew together.
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Around 25 years ago a huge scandal shook the international financial sytem when the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) “came under the scrutiny of numerous financial regulators and intelligence agencies in the 1980s due to concerns that it was poorly regulated. Subsequent investigations revealed that it was involved in massive money laundering and other financial crimes, and illegally gained the controlling interest in a major American bank. BCCI became the focus of a massive regulatory battle in 1991, and, on 5 July of that year, customs and bank regulators in seven countries raided and locked down records of its branch offices.”

One of the most prominent banking dynasties involved in this bank where the Rothschilds through the Director of their Swiss branch, Alfred Hartmann. Luckily for them the warehouse where important documents were stored was destroyed by fire shortly before…


John Kerry, current American Secretary of State was repsonsible for the investigation and the Report to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the United States Senate.


In the appendix to their congressional report a list of matters for further investigation displays the extent of involvement of important members of the transnational elite in this scandal:

“Matters For Further Investigation 

There have been a number of matters which the Subcommittee has received some information on, but has not been able to investigate adequately, due such factors as lack of resources, lack of time, documents being withheld by foreign governments, and limited evidentiary sources or witnesses. Some of the main areas which deserve further investigation include:

1. The extent of BCCI’s involvement in Pakistan’s nuclear program. As set forth in the chapter on BCCI in foreign countries, there is good reason to conclude that BCCI did finance Pakistan’s nuclear program through the BCCI Foundation in Pakistan, as well as through BCCI-Canada in the Parvez case. However, details on BCCI’s involvement remain unavailable. Further investigation is needed to understand the extent to which BCCI and Pakistan were able to evade U.S. and international nuclear non-proliferation regimes to acquire nuclear technologies.

2. BCCI’s manipulation of commodities and securities markets in Europe and Canada. The Subcommittee has received information that remains not fully substantiated that BCCI defrauded investors, as well as some major U.S. and European financial firms, through manipulating commodities and securities markets, especially in Canada, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. This alleged fraud requires further investigation in those countries.

3. BCCI’s activities in India, including its relationship with the business empire of the Hinduja family. The Subcommittee has not had access to BCCI records regarding India. The substantial lending by BCCI to the Indian industrialist family, the Hindujas, reported in press accounts, deserves further scrutiny, as do the press reports concerning alleged kick-backs and bribes to Indian officials.

4. BCCI’s relationships with convicted Iraqi arms dealer Sarkis Soghanalian, Syrian drug trafficker, terrorist, and arms trafficker Monzer Al-Kassar, and other major arms dealers. Sarkenalian was a principal seller of arms to Iraq. Monzer Al-Kassar has been implicated in terrorist bombings in connection with terrorist organizations such as the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. Other arms dealers, including some who provided machine guns and trained Medellin cartel death squads, also used BCCI. Tracing their assets through the bank would likely lead to important information concerning international terrorist and arms trafficker networks.

5. The use of BCCI by central figures in arms sales to Iran during the 1980’s. The late Cyrus Hashemi, a key figure in allegations concerning an alleged deal involving the return of U.S. hostages from Iran in 1980, banked at BCCI London. His records have been withheld from disclosure to the Subcommittee by a British judge. Their release might aid in reaching judgments concerning Hashemi’s activities in 1980, with the CIA under President Carter and allegedly with William Casey.

6. BCCI’s activities with the Central Bank of Syria and with the Foreign Trade Mission of the Soviet Union in London. BCCI was used by both the Syrian and Soviet governments in the period in which each was involved in supporting activities hostile to the United States. Obtaining the records of those financial transactions would be critical to understanding what the Soviet Union under Brezhnev, Chernenko, and Andropov was doing in the West; and might document the nature and extent of Syria’s support for international terrorism.

7. BCCI’s involvement with foreign intelligence agencies. A British source has told the Bank of England and British investigators that BCCI was used by numerous foreign intelligence agencies in the United Kingdom. The British intelligence service, the MI-5, has sealed documents from BCCI’s records in the UK which could shed light on this allegation.

8. The financial dealings of BCCI directors with Charles Keating and several Keating affiliates and front-companies, including the possibility that BCCI related entities may have laundered funds for Keating to move them outside the United States. The Subcommittee found numerous connections among Keating and BCCI-related persons and entities, such as BCCI director Alfred Hartman; CenTrust chief David Paul and CenTrust itself; Capcom front-man Lawrence Romrell; BCCI shipping affiliate, the Gokal group and the Gokal family; and possibly Ghaith Pharaon. The ties between BCCI and Keating’s financial empire require further investigation.

9. BCCI’s financing of commodities and other business dealings of international criminal financier Marc Rich. Marc Rich remains the most important figure in the international commodities markets, and remains a fugitive from the United States following his indictment on securities fraud. BCCI lending to Rich in the 1980’s amounted to tens of millions of dollars. Moreover, Rich’s commodities firms were used by BCCI in connection with BCCI’s involving in U.S. guarantee programs through the Department of Agriculture. The nature and extent of Rich’s relationship with BCCI requires further investigation.

10. The nature, extent and meaning of the ownership of shares of other U.S. financial institutions by Middle Eastern political figures. Political figures and members of the ruling family of various Middle Eastern countries have very substantial investments in the United States, in some cases, owning substantial shares of major U.S. banks. Given BCCI’s routine use of nominees from the Middle East, and the pervasive practice of using nominees within the Middle East, further investigation may be warranted of Middle Eastern ownership of domestic U.S. financial institutions.

11. The nature, extent, and meaning of real estate and financial investments in the United States by major shareholders of BCCI. BCCI’s shareholders and front-men have made substantial investments in real estate throughout the United States, owning major office buildings in such key cities as New York and Washington, D.C. Given BCCI’s pervasiveness criminality, and the role of these shareholders and front-men in the BCCI affair, a complete review of their holdings in the United States is warranted.

12. BCCI’s collusion in Savings & Loan fraud in the U.S. The Subcommittee found ties between BCCI and two failed Savings and Loan institutions, CenTrust, which BCCI came to have a controlling interest in, and Caprock Savings and Loan in Texas, and as noted above, the involvement of BCCI figures with Charles Keating and his business empire. In each case, BCCI’s involvement cost the U. S. taxpayers money. A comprehensive review of BCCI’s account holders in the U.S. and globally might well reveal additional such cases. In addition, the issue of whether David Paul and CenTrust’s political relationships were used by Paul on behalf of BCCI merits further investigation.

13. The sale of BCCI affiliate Banque de Commerce et de Placements (BCP) in Geneva, to the Cukorova Group of Turkey, which owned an entity involved in the BNL Iraqi arms sales, among others. Given BNL’s links to BCCI, and Cukorova Groups’ involvement through its subsidiary, Entrade, with BNL in the sales to Iraq, the swift sale of BCP to Cukorova just weeks after BCCI’s closure — prior to due diligence being conducted — raises questions as to whether a prior relationship existed between BCCI and Cukorova, and Cukorova’s intentions in making the purchase. Within the past year, Cukorova also applied to purchase a New York bank. Cukorova’s actions pertaining to BCP require further investigation in Switzerland by Swiss authorities, and by the Federal Reserve New York.

14. BCCI’s role in China. As noted in the chapter on BCCI’s activities in foreign countries, BCCI had extensive activity in China, and the Chinese government allegedly lost $500 million when BCCI closed, mostly from government accounts. While there have been allegations that bribes and pay-offs were involved, these allegations require further investigation and detail to determine what actually happened, and who was involved.

15. The relationship between Capcom and BCCI, between Capcom and the intelligence community, and between Capcom’s shareholders and U.S. telecommunications industry figures. The Subcommittee was able to interview people and review documents concerning Capcom that no other investigators had to date interviewed or reviewed. Much more needs to be done to understand what Capcom was doing in the United States, the United Kingdom, Egypt, Oman, and the Middle East, including whether the firm was, as has been alleged but not proven, used by the intelligence community to move funds for intelligence operations; and whether any person involved with Capcom was seeking secretly to acquire interests in the U.S. telecommunications industry.

16. The relationship of important BCCI figures and important intelligence figures to the collapse of the Hong Kong Deposit and Guaranty Bank and Tetra Finance (HK) in 1983. The circumstances surrounding the collpase of these two Hong Kong banks; the Hong Kong banks’ practices of using nominees, front-companies, and back-to-back financial transactions; the Hong Banks’ directors having included several important BCCI figures, including Ghanim Al Mazrui, and a close associate of then CIA director William Casey; all raise the question of whether there was a relationship between these two institutions and BCCI-Hong Kong, and whether the two Hong Kong institutions were used for domestic or foreign intelligence operations.

17. BCCI’s activities in Atlanta and its acquisition of the National Bank of Georgia through First American. Although the Justice Department indictments of Clark Clifford and Robert Altman cover portions of how BCCI acquired National Bank of Georgia, other important allegations regarding the possible involvement of political figures in Georgia in BCCI’s activities there remain outside the indictment. These allegations, as well as the underlying facts regarding BCCI’s activities in Georgia, require further investigation.

18. The relationship between BCCI and the Banca Nazionale del Lavoro. BCCI and the Atlanta Branch of BNL had an extensive relationship in the United States, with the Atlanta Branch of BNL having a substantial number of accounts in BCCI’s Miami offices. BNL was, according to federal indictments, a significant financial conduit for weapons to Iraq. BCCI also made loans to Iraq, although of a substantially smaller nature. Given the criminality of both institutions, and their interlocking activities, further investigation of the relationship could produce further understanding of Saddam Hussein’s international network for acquiring weapons, and how Iraq evaded governmental restrictions on such weapons acquisitions.

19. The alleged relationship between the late CIA director William Casey and BCCI. As set forth in the chapter on intelligence, numerous trails lead from BCCI to Casey, and from Casey to BCCI, and the investigation has been unable to follow any of them to the end to determine whether there was indeed a relationship, and if there was, its nature and extent. If any such relationship existed, it could have a significant impact on the findings and conclusions concerning the CIA and BCCI’s role in U.S. foreign policy and intelligence operations during the Casey era. The investigation’s work detailing the ties of BCCI to the intelligence community generally also remains far from complete, and much about these ties remains obscure and in need of further investigation.

20. Money laundering by other major international banks. Numerous BCCI officials told the Subcommittee that BCCI’s money laundering was no different from activities they observed at other international banks, and provided the names of a number of prominent U.S. and European banks which they alleged engaged in money laundering. There is no question that BCCI’s laundering of drug money, while pervading the institution, constituted a small component of the total money laundering taking place in international banking. Further investigation to determine which international banks are soliciting and handling drug money should be undertaken.”


The full report is available online:

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New publication

I have now published the first article from my ongoing PhD project on the Bilderberg conferences. It deals mainly with the pre-history of these meetings – what were the main protagonists doing in the 1940s as well as with the connection to the Rockefellers (and the Council on Foreign Relations, CFR) and Rothschilds.


Should be in bookstores very soon.

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Iran now part of the NWO?

After the lift of the economic sanctions this looks like another confirmation of the fact that Iran has catipulated/struck a deal and is now part of the New World Order…

“Ambrosetti Economic Forum convenes 1st meeting in Teheran.”

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Ich weigere mich zu gehorchen

Dale Pendell, An diesem Tag wie jedem anderen

Übersetzung: Aleksander Miłosz Zieliński

Ich weigere mich zu gehorchen. Ich verzichte auf die Auszeichnung, die Kugeln, ich

widerrufe, ich werde nicht schiessen, ich werde nicht zahlen, ich weigere mich,

ich, wir, gemeinsam, wir weigern uns, wir werden nicht, wir bleiben sitzen,

wir bleiben stehen, wir werden nicht arbeiten, Sir, ich weigere mich

zu gehorchen, ich werde nicht wieder, nicht mehr, an diesem Tag

an irgendeinem Tag, dem Tag des Jaguars, dem Tag, an dem der Wind rasselt,

diesem Tag, an dem das Brot auf der Müllhalde landet, diesem verwundeten,

diesem kratzenden Tag, wir werden nicht, ich werde nicht, ich weigere mich.

Es ist wichtig, Sir, an diesem schönen Tag, an diesem schrecklichen Tag,

an diesem Tag, an dem die Bücher die Strassen beschmutzen, an diesem Tag

der Wende, wenn die Mauer heult, weil sie wieder erbaut worden ist, an diesem Tag

wenn die Engel sich zitternd verstecken würden, heute,

an diesem Tag, wo es zu viele Tote gibt, an diesem Tag

wie jedem anderen, aber an diesem Tag, Sir, weigere ich mich zu gehorchen.

[Dedicated to all those who refused orders and thus made it possible for me to be alive today. The original and other poems by Dale Pendell can be found here: ]

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The spiritual meaning of World War III

World War III, like all wars, is a spiritual war. Spiritual means that what is at stake is the WorldSoul, our collective consiousness as well as spiritual heritage. This war is not a war between Christians and Muslims, Atlantics and Asians, white people and colored people or even between rich and poor as some would like to portray it.

Most accurately World War III can be described as the Final Battle (on our plane(t) Gaia at least) in the Eternal struggle between Good and Evil, Nomads and Imperialists, Change and Persistence, Freedom and Oppression.

However, as more lucid authors have kept on repeating, and contrary to popular belief, or imperialist disinformation, this War is not a War between groups of people. Nor even between individuals. Instead, World War III is in reality a War that wages inside each and everyone of us between the forces of evolution, transformation and self-perfection and the forces opposed to change.

It is up to each and everyone of us to identify the manifestations of this struggle inside himself/herself and to chose sides, to act accordingly to your choice (which can be also called chosing between love and fear) and then to live with the consequences of our choice. If we tune into the voice of Gaia, we will know which choice she made. Peace ❤

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